Rastederberg

The settlement of Rastederberg, directly south of the municipality Jaderberg, lies on a geological ridge which was initially called „uppn Berge“ (on a hill) and „biem Berge“ and was inhabited by Köter as early as 1600. With the division between the „Vogteien“ (bailiwicks) Jade and Rastede the names „Jaderberg“ and „Rastederberg“ arose and thus the affiliation to the municipalities Jade and Rastede respectively.

Topographic Map of Rastederberg (TK50-1998)
Topographic Map 1:50.000 (Copyright: LGLN Niedersachsen)

In Rastederberg, an Eilert HOBBIE was first named around 1600, according to local chronicles. In the „Mannzahlregister“ (defence recruitment register) of 1581 and earlier he is not mentioned yet, so that he is considered as the first „HOBBIE from Rastederberg“ in this area. From 1819, outgoing sons also settled temporarily on the new Brinksitzerstelle „Am Schanzer Weg 149“, and from 1849 also on the Altköterei on „Hahnermoorweg 23“, also existing since 1600.

Early Hobbie-farms in Rastederberg in GoogleEarth

The Altköterei „Am Rastederberg 5“ was located about 50 m south of the later address „Hahnermoorweg 12“, where a direct descendant lived until about 2010. The following Oldenburg Vogteikarte shows to scale the location of the Hobbie’sche Köterei „Am Rastederberg 5“ around 1797 and the settlement of the area at that time.

Hobbie-Farm in Rastederberg in Vogteikarte from 1797
Oldenburg Vogteikarte von 1797 (Copyright: LGLN Niedersachsen)

The families „HOBBIE from Rastederberg“ until around 1920

The spelling of the names mainly follows the baptismal registers and documents. Also in the Rasteder church books the Low German spelling „Hobje“ is preferred repeatedly, among other things by Pastor Anton Maes from 1701 to 1740. The German names for farmers and farm hands are retained and are to be interpreted as follows:
„Hausmann, Meier“ = farmer with a long-established hereditary farm, one of the first settlers in a village,
„Köter“ = farmer with a smaller, later founded farm,
„Altköter“ = Köter on an early founded Köterei,
„Halbköter, Viertelköter“ = Köter with less land,
„Brinksitzer“ = small farmer on the outskirts of the village,
„Anbauer“ = farmer on newly cultivated land,
„Grundheuermann“ = farm hand with own house on non-inherent land,
„Heuermann, Heuerling“ = farm hand without own house,
„Häusling“ = person without own house,
„Dienstknecht, Knecht“ = farm hand.

1. Eilert HOBBIE, *about 1560, +before 1628 Rastederberg, Altköter.
For the first time in the „Fräuleinregister der Oldenburgischen Ämter“ of 1613 Eilert HOBBIE is listed at the „Hewbulter“ in the Vogtei Rastede. He was the owner of the parent house „Rastederberg 5“. His origin is unclear, according to the early dominating first name Eilert he could have been an outgoing son of the families „Hobbie“ or „Hobben“ from the area of Apen-Howiek. He had at least one son Hilvert HOBBIE (1589-1669).

2. Hilvert Hobbie, *1589 Rastederberg, +22.11.1669 ibid., Altköter.
He married about 1625 Trine NN from Rastederberg (about 1595-1648). They had 6 children, only two of whom reached adulthood and married. Catrine HOBBIE (1628-1656) married in 1655 in Apen Gerd Oltmanns (*about 1625) from Hengstforde, which also suggests family relations in the area and the provenance of Apen-Howiek. Eilert HOBBIE (*1631) was the heir to the Köterei.

3. Eilert HOBBIE, *17.10.1631 Rastederberg, Altköter.
He married Trine Wegmann (*around 1630) in 1654 in Rastede and had 5 children with her, at least three of whom reached adulthood and married. Hilvert HOBBIE (1650-1731), written in the death entry „Hobje“, is listed in the tax register of 1679 at the „Heubültern“, married Grete Gaye (*about 1655) from Jaderberg in Jade in 1685 and had two daughters with her, of which the whereabouts of Trine HOBBIE (*1688) are unknown, and Wübke Hilbers HOBBIE (*about 1691) married in 1716 in Stollhamm the twice widowed Köter Harmen Itzen (*about 1662). The whereabouts of Anna HOBBIE (*1657) are not yet known. Catharina HOBBIE (*about 1658) married the widowed Köter Jürgen Böseleger (1647-1719) from Jaderkreuzmoor in Jade 1684 and had 9 children with him. Johann HOBBIE (*around 1660) became the heir to the Köterei. The whereabouts of Wübbeke HOBBIE (*1661) are not known yet.

4. Johann HOBBIE, *about 1660, Altköter.
He married around 1690 in Rastede Hille NN (1659-1714) from Rastede and had two children with her. Eilerdt HOBBIE (1695-1746) was the farm heir. Grete HOBJE (1701-1788) married Johann Oltmanns (1682-1767) from Bekhausen in 1728 in Rastede and had 7 children with him.

5. Eilerdt HOBBIE later HOBJE, *20.11.1695 Rastederberg, +13.12.1746 ibid., Altköter.
He wrote himself 1717 with marriage with Talke Johannsen (1687-1760) from Wahnbek also „Eilert“ and „Hobje“ and had with her three children. Hille HOBJE (1719-1752) married in 1744 the widowed Köter Gerdt Coldewey (1714-1747) from Bekhauserfeld and had a daughter with him. Johann HOBJE (1723-1797) was the farm heir. Eilerd HOBJE (1728-1762) hired as „Ellert Hobbij“ on 22.05.1752 in Holland on the ship „Vredestein“ of the „Verenigde Oostindiesse Compagnie“ as a soldier on the voyage to Batavia, with intermediate stop at the Cape of Good Hope from 17.09. to 04.10.1752. He died in Asia on 09.10.1762.

6. Johann HOBJE later HOBBIE, *05.01.1723 Rastederberg, +18.09.1797 ibid., Altköter.
He wrote himself „Hobbie“ at marriage 1747 in Rastede with Grete Köster (1725-1803) from Hahnermoor and had with her four children, three of whom reached adulthood and married. Talke HOBBIE (1748 -1793) married the Altköter Jürgen Böseleger (1738-1823) from Rastederberg in 1770 and had 8 children with him. Grete HOBBIE (1751-1824) married the Köter Friedrich Pauls (1744-1783) from Sürwürden in first marriage 1774 in Schweiburg and had with him two children, in second marriage the Hausmann and carer for the poor Martin Janssen (1739-1809) from Achtermeer. Eilert HOBBIE (1755-1793) was the farm heir.

7. Eilert HOBBIE, *19.01.1755 Rastederberg, +04.06.1793 ibid., Altköter.
In 1778 he married Anna Köster (1757-1835) from Hahnermoor and had 5 children with her. Johann HOBBIE (1779-1846) was the heir of the Köterei, see 8.a). Margaarethe „Grete“ HOBBIE (1782-1848) married in 1809 in Jade the Anbauer Johann Hinrich Albers (1785-1849) from Jaderberg and had 5 children with him. For Johann Hinrich HOBBIE (1785-1864) see 8.b). For Eilert HOBBIE (1788-1833) see 8.c). Gerdt HOBBIE (1791-1838) married after the death of his older brother Eilert his widow Anna née Hobbensiefken, from this marriage no children are known.

8. a) Johann „Jann“ HOBBIE, *26.05.1779 Rastederberg, +26.01.1846 ibid., Köter.
He married 1804 in Rastede Hille Margarete Speckels (1785-1845) from Jaderbollenhagen and was also written „Hob(b)je“ by the pastor at marriage and baptisms of some children. They lived until 1817 in the main house „Rastederberg 5“, from 1819 in „Rastederberg 14“ (today Schanzer Weg 149). Of the 11 children, only 7 reached adulthood. Anne HOBBJE later HOBBIE (1805-1837) married Johann Röver (1805-1849) from Jaderberg in Jade in 1827 and had 5 children with him. Eilerd HOBBIE (1807-1846) remained single. Anne Catharine HOBBJE later HOBBIE (1809-1853) married in 1836 in Strückhausen the Brinksitzer Gerd Hülsebusch (1795-1869) from Frieschenmoor and had two children with him. For Johann HOBBIE later also HOBJE (1811-1869) see 9.a). Gesche Margarethe HOBBIE (1814-1884) married in 1840 in Jade the Anbauer Hinrich Gerhard Wemken (1809-1887) from Bekhausen and had 6 children with him. Anne Elisabeth HOBBIE (1817-1879) married Johann Gerhard Speckels (1816-1879), born in Jaderbollenhagen, in 1846 in Varel and lived in Hohenberge. To Eilerd Gerhard HOBBIE later HOBJE (1820-1878) see 9.b).

8. b) Johann Hinrich HOBBIE, *21.11.1785 Rastederberg, +14.06.1864 ibid., Heuermann and Köter.
He married in first marriage 1809 in Jade Almuth Margarethe Gerdes (1786-1857) from Jaderberg, took over from 1817 from his older brother „Jann“ the parental parent house „Rastederberg 5“ and had 6 children from the first marriage. For Eilerd ‚Gerhard‘ HOBBIE (1811-1878) see 9.c). Anna HOBBIE (1815-1886), also born in Jaderberg, married Johann Albers (1813-1896) from Wapeldorf in 1836 in Rastede and had 9 children with him. Gesche Margrete HOBBIE (1818-1900), who was born in Rastederberg like the other siblings, married Johann Albers (*around 1815) from Hofswürden in Eckwarden in 1843 and had two children with him. Helene Catharine HOBBIE (1820-1895) married the Hausmann Gerd Westing (1818-1901) from Rastederberg in 1844 in Rastede and had 7 children with him. Gesche Kathrine HOBBIE (1824-1910) married in 1848 in Jade the Köter Gerhard Bartels (1813-1889) from Jaderkreuzmoor and had 6 children with him. Anna Elisabeth HOBBIE (1827-1905) married in first marriage 1853 in Jade the Köter Johann Gerhard Meyer (1822-1853) from Jaderkreuzmoor, in second marriage the Köter Gerd Gerdes (1832-1917) from Rastederberg, with whom she had 5 children.
Johann Hinrich married in second marriage 1858 in Rastede the widowed Gesche Margarethe Buscher (1798-1883) from Jaderkreuzmoor.


8. c) Eilert HOBBIE, *21.11.1788 Rastederberg, +24.04.1833 Wapeldorf, hired farm hand and Köter.
He married Anna HOBBENSIEFKEN (1794-1839) from Petersfeld in Jade in 1818 and had 5 children with her, of which the two daughters reached adulthood and married. Anna HOBBIE (1819-1841) married Brinksitzer and weaver Hinrich HOBBIESIEFKEN (1806-1882) in Varel in 1839 and had two children with him. Margarethe Catharine HOBBIE (1821-1881) married Johann Friedrich Bolting (1814-1853) from Jaderberg in Jade in 1843 and had four children with him.

9. a) Johann HOBBIE, also HOBJE, *08.09.1811 Rastederberg, +29.11.1869 ibid., Köter.
Before he took over the Köterei „Rastederberg 14“ in 1846 after the death of his father, he married Anna Margarete Detering (1813-1858) in his first marriage in 1841 in Rastede and had four children with her, of which two daughters reached adulthood and married. Anna Katharine HOBJE (1845-1913) married in 1868 in Jade the Heuermann and Köter Wilhelm Kömer (1837-1908) from Jaderkreuzmoor, with whom she had two children. Margarethe Katharine HOBJE (1851-1927) married the shoemaker Johann Hinrich Sommer (1847-1877) from Jaderkreuzmoor in Jade 1876 in her first marriage and had a son with him, in second marriage the Köter and Heuermann Johann Gerhard Bartels (1841-1927) from Wemkendorf, with whom she had three children.
The second marriage of Johann 1858 in Rastede with Marie Catharine Elisabeth Haase (1817-1880) was the only child of Hinrich Gerhard HOBJE later HOBBIE (1861-1941), who married as Heuerköter 1889 in Schwei and left behind four married daughters: Anna Henriette HOBBIE (1890-1967), Martha Helene Gerhardine HOBBIE (1892-1969), Johanne Amalie HOBBIE (1896-1983) and Henny Johanne HOBBIE (1904-1965).

9. b) Eilerd Gerhard HOBBIE later HOBJE, *28.01.1820 Rastederberg, +13.02.1878 Seefelderaußendeich, Heuermann.
He married in 1849 in Schwei Anna Catharine Horstmann (1825-1890) and had with her 5 children who were all registered as „Hobje“ at their baptism in Schwei or Seefeld and four of whom reached adulthood and married.
Elise Margarethe Catharine HOBJE (*1850) married in first marriage 1872 in Abbehausen the Heuerling and worker Johann Hinrich Anton Böschen (1842-1888) from Esenshamm and had with him four children, in second marriage 1892 in Rodenkirchen the carpenter Carl August Hermann Meier (*1841) from Förlingen, municipality Wagenfeld. For Johann ‚Hermann‘ Diedrich HOBJE (1854-1927) see 10.a). Anna Adeline Margarete HOBJE (1856-1933) married Diedrich Gerhard Strahlmann (*1853) from Esenshammer Altendeich in Seefeld in 1879 and had four children with him. Gesine Margarethe Gerhardine HOBJE (1861-1918) married in 1884 in Rodenkirchen the Heuermann and worker Bernhard Gramberg (*1851) from Jethausen and had 5 children with him.

9. c) Eilerd ‚Gerhard‘ HOBBIE also HOBJE, *25.01.1811 Jaderberg, +17.04.1878 Rastederberg, Heuermann and Köter in „Rastederberg 5“.
He married 1842 in Rastede Talke Margarethe Böseleger (1813-1871) from Rastederberg and had with her 6 children, of which only three reached adulthood. For Johann Hinrich HOBJE (1843-1920) see 10.b). Anna Margarethe Elise HOBBIE (1847-1892) remained single. Helene Katharine Elise HOBJE (1851-1907) married Johann Hinrich Westing (1848-1907) from Rastederberg in Rastede in 1874 and had 5 children with him.

10. a) Johann ‚Hermann‘ Diedrich HOBJE later HOBBIE, *16.11.1854 Norderschwei, +22.09.1927 Langwarden, farmer.
He married Anna Margarethe Suhr (1850-1891) from Achtermeer in his first marriage in 1879 in Seefeld and had three children with her. Johanne Gesine Diederike HOBJE (*1880) married the carpenter Diedrich Richters (*1871) from Hohenwisch, district of Stade in Langwarden in 1905. For Georg Anton Wilhelm HOBJE (1882-1949) see 11.a). For Heinrich Karl HOBJE (1884-1930) see 11.b).
He in 1891 then married Anna Marie Wilhelmine Böschen (1856-1929) from Hoffe and had 6 children with her, four of whom reached adulthood. Hermann Diedrich August HOBJE (1893-1914) fell in France. Frieda Henni Adele HOBJE from 1914 HOBBIE (*1895) married the carpenter Johann Friedrich Lange (*1892) from Süllwarden in Langwarden in 1916. For Johann Gerhard August HOBJE (1898-1970) see 11.c). Ida Wilhelmine Luise HOBJE, from 1914 HOBBIE (*1901) married in 1925 in Langwarden the telegraph worker Harm Garrelt Johann Bernhard Bodenstab (*1897) from Norderney.

10. b) Johann Hinrich HOBJE later HOBBIE, *07.02.1843 Rastederberg, +25.04.1920 ibid., Köter.
Written in the baptism entry by the pastor „Hobje“, he married under the name „Hobbie“ in first marriage 1869 in Rastede Anna Engelbart (1844-1880) from Hollen and took over the Köterei „Hahnermoorweg 23“, from 1878 additionally the parent house in „Hahnermoorweg 12“. They had three children. Margarethe Gesine ‚Johanne‘ HOBBIE (1870-1957) married Rudolf ‚Gerhard‘ Wilhelm Schild in Westerstede in 1895, who was born in Oldenburg-Bürgerfelde, and had two children with him. Johann Eilerd Gerhard HOBBIE (1872-1911) married as Heuerköter 1899 in Rastede Helene Catharine Heinen (*1878) from Wapeldorf and had no living descendants. For Johann ‚Hinrich‘ HOBBIE (1877-1944) see 11.d).

11. a) Georg Anton Wilhelm HOBJE later HOBBIE, *19.12.1882 Esenshammer Altendeich, +05.02.1949 Stollhammerwisch, farmer.
He married Marie Katharine Gerhardine Rohde (1878-1948) from Jaderberg in Abbehausen in 1908 and had four children with her. For Georg Wilhelm HOBJE (1909-1962) see 12.a). Käte Johanne HOBJE later HOBBIE(1910-1999) married around 1935 NN Siefken (*around 1905) and had three children with him. Erna HOBJE (1914-2003) married around 1935 NN Hülsebusch (*around 1910) and probably had three children with him. Annemarie HOBBIE (1920-2009) married NN Büsing (*around 1915) around 1946 and probably had two children with him.
According to an order of the Grand Ducal District Court of Butjadingen to Nordenham of 15 Apr. 1914, these family members had to write their surname „Hobje“ as „Hobbie“ in the future.

11. b) Heinrich Karl HOBJE, *23.07.1884 Altendeich, +06.02.1930 Hayenschloot, worker, farmer.
He married Mareke Peters Prins (1884-1972) from Holterfehn in Langwarden in 1906 and had 5 children with her, four of whom reached adulthood and married. For Gerhard ‚Heinrich‘ Bernhard HOBJE (1908-1983) see 12.b). Wilhelmine Johanne Marie HOBJE (1909-1973) married Otto Willms (*1905) around 1935 and had at least one daughter with him. On Johann Hermann Diedrich HOBJE (1911-um 1972) see 12.c). Marie Johanne HOBJE (1919-2010) married Paul Willi Markert (1919-1974) from Schosdorf (Silesia) in Nordenham in 1938 and had four children with him.
According to an order of the Grand Ducal District Court Butjadingen to Nordenham of 15 Apr. 1914, these family members – with the exception of Johann Hermann Diedrich – wrote their surname „Hobje“ as „Hobbie“ in the future.

11. c) Johann Gerhard August HOBJE later HOBBIE, *23.06.1898 Langwarden, +1970 ibid., farmer.
He married 1922 in Langwarden Minna ‚Johanne‘ Gerhardine Hülsebusch (1896-1977) from Esenshamm and had with her 5 sons and a daughter, who were all born between 1923 and 1937 in Langwarden.
According to an order of the Grand Ducal District Court Butjadingen to Nordenham of 15 Apr. 1914 these family members have written their family name „Hobje“ in future as „Hobbie“.

11. d) Johann ‚Hinrich‘ HOBBIE, *06.01.1877 Rastederberg, +08.12.1944 ibid., Köter and farmer.
He married in 1906 in Strückhausen Johanne Margarete Diederike Dählmann (1887-1934) from Strückhausermoor and had with her 8 children, of which at least three reached adulthood and married. For Georg Diedrich Friedrich HOBBIE (1910-1976) see 12.d). Erna Helene Johanne HOBBIE (1911-2000) married in 1933 in Jade Wilhelm Karl Lameyer (1906-before 1945) and had three children with him. Hanna Helene Friederike HOBBIE (1914-2004) married the farmer Hinrich Gerhard Johann Mahlstede (1912-1972) from Hahn in 1934 and had 5 children with him.

12. a) Georg Wilhelm HOBJE later HOBBIE, *26.05.1909 Mitteldeich, +30.11.1962 Osterhagen-Ihlpohl, municipality Ritterhude.
He married Ottilie Schumacher (1911-1993) around 1937 and had two children with her.

12. b) Gerhard ‚Heinrich‘ Bernhard HOBJE later HOBBIE, *05.04.1908 Langwarden, +12.05.1983, Nordenham, worker.
He married 1932 in Seefeld Käthe Hermine Elisabeth Backhus (1909-1999) and had with her 5 children, born between 1934 and 1946.

12. c) Johann Hermann Diedrich HOBJE, *31.05.1911 Langwarden, +around 1972 Bremen, netmaker and electrician.
He married Anna Julie Harms (1913-2001) in his first marriage around 1931 in Wilhelmshaven and had a son with her. In second marriage he married Luise Augustin (1911-around 1985) and had with her three children. In his third marriage he married Ingeborg Margarete Erna Ehrlich (*1926) from Berlin in 1959 in Bremerhaven and had a daughter with her.
Contrary to an order of the Grand Ducal District Court Butjadingen to Nordenham of 15 Apr. 1914 to write the surname in the future as „Hobbie“, these family members and descendants have retained the spelling „Hobje“. They can be found not only in Bremen, but after the Second World War also in Schleswig-Holstein.

12. d) Georg Diedrich Friedrich HOBBIE, *30.06.1910 Jaderaußendeich, +18.08.1976 Varel, farmer.
He married in 1935 in Rastede Anna Harms (1907-1994) from Jeddeloh and had with her three children, born between 1935 and 1945 in Rastederberg.

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Further information, also on children not listed here, deceased or unmarried, as well as on other descendants after 1900, if known and (e.g. in the case of living persons) not protected, may be provided on request, see Contact.